The patient can suffer from the Arthritis in the knee when due to the disease or injury of the knees, the body reacts naturally with the inflammation.
Defining the arthritis in the knees
The word Arthritis basically denotes the inflammation of any joint in the body. Whenever any joint of the body suffers injury or the disease, the natural defense of the body is the inflammation. Due to the inflammation, the area which is affected develops pain, swelling and the stiffness. Also, it can recur or last for a long time which leads to the tissue damage.
The joint of the body can be defined as the area where two bones of the body join with each other. In the human body, the largest joint of the body is at the knee. The joint area of the body is covered by a spongy material which is known as the cartilage for allowing a cushion for bones. This is so that the joints of the body can move easily without any pain. When due to any injury or disease, the body responds naturally with the inflammation for its defense, the cartilage cushion gets damaged which makes the mobility of the body difficult.
Types of the arthritis in the knee
Medically, the arthritis in the knees is categorized into more than one hundred types. But, only three types of the arthritis in the knee are common, which are found all over the world. They are gouty arthritis, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
- Gouty Arthritis: Gouty Arthritis can be simply defined as the very painful condition of the joints of the body when the body is unable to eliminate the uric acid or produces excess uric acid. Due to this problem, the uric acid build ups and becomes needle like structure in the joints of the body. It leads to the severe swelling and pain. Normally the gouty Arthritis affects the big toe of the body but the other joints like wrist joints and the arthritis in the knee joint are not immune to this disease.
- Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is also known as the wear and tear arthritis. When the cartilage cushion which covers the bone ends, wears away gradually it is known as the Osteoarthritis. Due to the eroding of the cartilage cushion, the ends of the bones start to rub against each other and cause pain and swelling. Although, Osteoarthritis can occur in all the joint of the body, Osteoarthritis in the knees is the most common occurrence.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid Arthritis is also well known as the RA. It is a long-term disease which further leads to the destruction and deformities anywhere of the joints of the body. Rheumatoid Arthritis affects hands, wrists and knees joints of the body. In this the immune system of the body attacks itself mistakenly due to which the joint line ache and swell. The swelling spreads to the surrounding areas and harms cartilage cushion and the bones.
The arthritis in the knee is one of the most common complaints all over the world.